While the challenges and complexity of cities can be daunting, innovations exist today that can make substantive and transformative changes to cultural and economic paradigms.
The most effective combination of strategies and technologies will almost certainly emerge out of urban experimentation and citizen activism, using an open and highly capable communications network and distributed points of intelligence.
Public lighting can play a unique role in making the smart city a reality. Since the physical lighting infrastructure already exists, it can serve as a backbone for many different applications. Open technologies and well-defined software interfaces mean city services can be linked together and managed centrally and comprehensively.